This work reports a non-isothermal kinetics of the melting and the nematic to isotropic (N–I) phase transitions of the pentylcyanobiphenyl
(5CB) liquid crystal compared with octylcyanobiphenyl (8CB) liquid crystal using calorimetric technique. Temperature scans
and heating rate scans were performed for 5CB and 8CB from 280 to 333 K at various rates using differential scanning calorimetry
from 0.5 to 20 K min−1. Double activation was observed for 5CB for two heating rate regimes whereas 8CB indicated single activation only. The 5CB
has smaller enthalpy and entropy of the transitions and needs larger activation than 8CB. This kinetic change can be explained
in terms of the length scale and mobility of the liquid crystal molecules.