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  • 1 Departamento de Física y Química Aplicadas a la Técnica Aeronáutica, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
  • | 2 Departamento de Materiales y Producción Aeroespacial, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
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Abstract

The effect of a low profile additive, poly(∊-caprolactone) (PCL), on the thermal and mechanical properties of unsaturated polyester resins (UP) was investigated by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), dynamic mechanical thermal analysis (DMTA), and tensile tests. The morphology of the systems has been studied by scanning electronic microscopy (SEM). Two PCL molecular mass were selected (PCL2: Mn = 2000 g mol−1 and PCL50: Mn = 50000 g mol−1) to analyze the influence of the molecular mass and the content of PCL on the UP resins and to establish the relation between thermomechanical behavior and morphology. DSC and DMTA glass transition temperatures (Tg) of the UP cured samples containing PCL indicate that PCL2 is miscible with UP whereas for UP + PCL50 system, Tg values are very close to the ones corresponding to neat UP. Besides in UP + PCL2 systems, one phase morphology is observed in which PCL2 would act as solvent of the reacting mixture along curing process; however, UP + PCL50 systems present phase-separated morphology. The presence of PCL2 and PCL50 in UP resin leads to a decrease of the tensile strength and the Young′s modulus as much notorious as the PCL concentration increases. For UP + PCL2 system the elongation at fracture increases in relation to neat UP, increasing as well with the PCL content.

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  • Impact Factor (2019): 2.731
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2019): 0.415
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2019): 87
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Impact Factor (2018): 2.471
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2018): 0.634
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2018): 78
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1969
Volumes
per Year
4
Issues
per Year
24
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1388-6150 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2926 (Online)