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  • 1 Division IV.3 Waste Treatment and Remedial Engineering, BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, Unter den Eichen 87, 12205, Berlin, Germany
  • | 2 Department of Physical Chemistry, University of Duisburg-Essen, Schuetzenbahn 70, 45117, Essen, Germany
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Abstract

A high temperature (1000 °C) thermochemical process for heavy metal removal from sewage sludge ash via the chloride pathway was investigated by thermogravimetry/differential thermal analysis (TG/DTA). TG and DTA measurements gave information about secession and evaporation of water, HCl, and heavy metal chlorides at different temperatures. Additionally, gaseous water and hydrochloric acid which occurred in the process were detected by an FT-IR detector that was coupled to the TG/DTA-system. Heavy metal chlorides which were also formed in the process cannot be detected by this technique. For that reason the outlet gas of the TG/DTA-system was discharged into washing flasks filled with water for absorption. The washing flasks were replaced in temperature steps of 50 °C and the heavy metal concentrations of the solutions were determined by ICP-OES. The temperature-dependent formation/evaporation of different heavy metal chlorides was analyzed and compared for two different thermochemical processes using magnesium chloride hydrate or calcium chloride hydrate as Cl-donors. In both cases evaporation of Cd, Cu, Pb, and Zn was observed from 600 °C, whereas As, Cr, and Ni remained in the solid state. The results were discussed against the background of thermodynamic calculations.

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  • 7. Adam, C, Peplinski, B, Michaelis, M, Kley, G, Simon, FG 2009 Thermochemical treatment of sewage sludge ashes for phosphorus recovery. Waste Manage 29 3 11221128 .

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  • 8. Peplinski, B, Adam, C, Michaelis, M, Kley, G, Emmerling, F, Simon, FG 2009 Reaction sequences in the thermochemical treatment of sewage sludge ashes revealed by X-ray powder diffraction—a contribution to the European project SUSAN. Z Kristallogr Suppl 30:459464 .

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Manuscript Submission: HERE

  • Impact Factor (2019): 2.731
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2019): 0.415
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2019): 87
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Impact Factor (2018): 2.471
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2018): 0.634
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2018): 78
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1969
Volumes
per Year
4
Issues
per Year
24
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1388-6150 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2926 (Online)

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