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  • 1 Materials Science Institute, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Key Laboratory of Polymeric Composites and Functional Materials, the Ministry of Education, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, People's Republic of China
  • | 2 Department of Chemistry, College of Zhongshan, Guangdong, People's Republic of China
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Abstract

The introduction of β-nucleating agent into isotactic polypropylene (iPP) is the most effective method to prepare β-iPP. In this paper, iPP nucleated with a novel highly efficient supported β-nucleating agent (NA100), calcium pimelate (CaHA) supported on the surface of nano-CaCO3, was prepared and its nonisothermal crystallization kinetic, melting characteristic, and crystallization activation energy are investigated and compared with those of pure iPP, nano-CaCO3 filled iPP, and β-nucleating agent CaHA nucleated iPP. The results indicate that addition of nano-CaCO3 increases the crystallization temperature of iPP and has no influence on the crystal form of iPP. iPP and nano-CaCO3 filled iPP mainly crystallize in the form of α-crystal. Although NA100 and CaHA induce iPP to mainly form β-crystal, NA100 nucleated iPP shows higher crystallization temperature, melting temperature, and β-phase content than that nucleated with CaHA without supports. Nonisothermal crystallization kinetic is well described by the equations of Avrami and Mo, and the crystallization activation energy was calculated from Kissinger's method. It was found that the decreased crystallization activation energy is favorable to increase the crystallization rate and the content of β-crystal. Although the content of CaHA in 5 wt% NA100 nucleated iPP was less than that in 0.1 wt% CaHA nucleated iPP, the former formed more β-iPP than the latter, indicating that the β-nucleating agent CaHA supported on the surface of nano-CaCO3 exhibits higher efficiency for preparation of β-iPP than pure CaHA powder.

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