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  • 1 Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Chimiche, Università di Udine, Via Cotonificio 108, 33100, Udine, Italy
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Abstract

The complex formation of Cd(II) with N-donor ligands in dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) is investigated by means of potentiometry and titration calorimetry. The ligands considered in this work are tripodal polyamines and polypyridines: 2,2′,2″-triaminotriethylamine (TREN), tris(2-(methylamino)ethyl)amine (Me3TREN), tris(2-(dimethylamino)ethyl)amine (Me6TREN), tris[(2-pyridyl)methyl]amine (TPA) and 6,6′-bis-[bis-(2-pyridylmethyl)aminomethyl]-2,2′-bipyridine (BTPA). These ligands are characterized by a systematic modification of the donor groups to relate their structure to the thermodynamics of the complexes formed. The TREN and Me3TREN ligands form highly stable species. The stability of the complex formed with the fully methylated Me6TREN is much lower than with other polyamines and the enthalpic and entropic terms suggest an incomplete coordination to the metal ion. In general, the TPA ligand forms complexes less stable than TREN and Me3TREN as a result of the combination of higher structural rigidity of TPA and lower basicity of pyridine moiety with respect to primary and secondary amines. Pyridine-containing ligands display, in general, a less unfavorable formation entropy than tripodal polyamines here considered. In particular, TPA forms a more stable 1:1 species with respect to Me6TREN due to the entropic term, being the enthalpy less negative. The ligand BTPA is able to form only a monometallic complex, where the metal ion is likely to be encapsulated as indicated by the obtained thermodynamic parameters.

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  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1969
Volumes
per Year
4
Issues
per Year
24
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1388-6150 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2926 (Online)

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