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  • 1 Department of Physics, Duquesne University, Bayer Center, Pittsburgh, PA, 15282-0321, USA
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Abstract

High energy ball-milling methods were employed in the synthesis of anatase-doped hematite xTiO2(a) · (1−x)α-Fe2O3 (x = 0.1, 0.5, and 0.9) ceramic system. The thermal behavior of as obtained ceramic system was characterized by simultaneous DSC–TG. The pure anatase phase was found to be stable below 800 °C, but there is a 10.36% mass loss due to the water content. Two exothermic peaks on DSC curves of pure anatase indicate the different crystallization rates. The pure hematite partially decomposed upon heating under argon atmosphere. Ball-milling has a strong effect on the thermal behaviors of both anatase and hematite phases. For x = 0.1 and 0.5, there is gradual Ti substitution of Fe in hematite lattice, and the decomposition of hematite is enhanced due to the smaller particle size after ball-milling. The crystallization of hematite was suppressed as the enthalpy values decreased due to the anatase-hematite solid–solid interaction. For x = 0.9, most of the anatase phase converted to rutile phase after long milling time. The thermal behavior of xTiO2(a) · (1−x)α-Fe2O3 showed smaller enthalpy value of the hematite transformation to magnetite and anatase crystallization due to the small fraction of hematite phase in the system and hematite–anatase interaction, while the mass loss upon heating increased as a function of milling time due to more water content absorbed by the smaller particle size.

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  • Impact Factor (2019): 2.731
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2019): 0.415
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2019): 87
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Impact Factor (2018): 2.471
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2018): 0.634
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2018): 78
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1969
Volumes
per Year
4
Issues
per Year
24
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1388-6150 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2926 (Online)