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  • 1 Department of Chemistry, Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology, Nagpur 11, India
  • | 2 Department of Chemistry, Smt. Bhagvati Chaturvedi College of Engineering, Nagpur, India
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Abstract

Microwave-assisted chemical modification of lignin was achieved through esterification using maleic anhydride. Modified lignin (ML) was blended in different proportions up to 25 mass% with polypropylene (PP) using Brabender electronic Plasticorder at 190 °C. The structural and thermal properties of blends were investigated by thermogravometric analysis (TG), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), wide-angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). TG analysis showed increased thermal stability of blends due to antioxidant property of ML, which opposed oxidative degradation of PP. DSC analysis indicted slight depression in a glass transition temperature and melting temperature of blends due to partial miscible blend behavior between PP and ML. All blends showed higher crystallization temperatures and continuously reducing percentage crystallinity with increasing ML proportion in the blends. WAXD analysis indicated that PP crystallized in β polymeric form in addition to α-form in the presence of ML. However, proportion of β-form did not show linear relation with increase in ML proportion, thus ML acts as β nucleating agent in the PP matrix. SEM analysis showed good dispersion/miscibility in PP matrix indicating modification in lignin is useful.

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  • Impact Factor (2019): 2.731
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2019): 0.415
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2019): 87
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Impact Factor (2018): 2.471
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2018): 0.634
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2018): 78
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1969
Volumes
per Year
4
Issues
per Year
24
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
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Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
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Address
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Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1388-6150 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2926 (Online)