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  • 1 Geology Group, Department of Natural Sciences, The Open University of Israel, The Dorothy de Rothschild Campus, 1 University Road, POB 808, Raanana, Israel
  • | 2 Institute of Archaeology, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel
  • | 3 LPCML, UMR 5620 CNRS, Claude Bernard University, Lyon 1, 43 boulevard du 11 Novembre 1918, 69622, Villeurbanne cedex, France
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Abstract

The work deals with the FT-IR and micro-Raman spectroscopy study of the pseudo-amorphous and crystalline thermal phases in the composition of calcareous Iron Age pottery from the Galilee. The application of second-derivative and curve-fitting techniques improves the identification of the thermal phases in the composition of the pottery and makes it possible to analyze the pseudo-amorphous phases which are formed during the firing of the clayey raw material to pottery. This technique makes it possible to distinguish between meta-smectite and meta-kaolinite and to estimate the firing temperature of the pottery. The Micro-Raman spectroscopy is sensitive to the structural degree of ordering of the thermal phases and enables point analysis of peculiar components in the composition of the pottery. Based on the spectroscopic study, it is concluded that the calcareous pottery contained large amounts of microcrystalline-recarbonated calcite mixed with the meta-clay. The large amount of recarbonated calcite in the pottery material and the relatively low firing temperature indicates that instead of sintering the clay, lime technology was used for the cementation of the calcareous vessels. This process took place after the firing by recarbonation of the decomposed calcite which leads to cementation of the vessels with microcrystalline calcite.

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Manuscript Submission: HERE

  • Impact Factor (2019): 2.731
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2019): 0.415
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2019): 87
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Impact Factor (2018): 2.471
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2018): 0.634
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2018): 78
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1969
Volumes
per Year
4
Issues
per Year
24
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1388-6150 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2926 (Online)