Authors:
G. Madhurambal A D M College for Women, Nagapattinam 611 001, Tamil Nadu, India

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B. Ravindran Department of Physics, EGS Pillay Engineering College, Nagapattinam 611 002, Tamil Nadu, India

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M. Mariappan EGS Pillay Engineering College, Nagapattinam 611002, Tamilnadu, India

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K. Ramamurthi Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India

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S. C. Mojumdar University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, NB, E3B 5A3, Canada
Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON, N6A 5B9, Canada
Department of Chemical Technologies and Environment, Faculty of Industrial Technologies, Trenčín University, 020 32, Púchov, Slovakia

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Abstract

A single crystal of cinnamic acid–urea was grown by slow evaporation of methanol solution at room temperature. In this research, many analytical methods such as FTIR, second harmonic generation, NMR, and TG–DTA were used. The presence of title compound in the crystal lattice has been qualitatively determined by FTIR analysis. Thermal stability of the grown crystals was evaluated by TG-DTA. Incorporation of urea increases the thermal stability insuring the suitability of material for possible non-linear optical application up to 180 °C.

  • 1. Sharma, BL, Jamwal, R, Kant, R. Thermodynamic and lamella models relationship for the eutectic system benzoic acid–cinnamic acid. Crystal Res Technol. 2004;5:454464. .

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  • 2. Fernandes, MA, Levendis, DC, Koning, CB. Solvate and polymorphs of ortho-ethozy-trans-cinnamic acid: the crystal and molecular structures. Cryst Eng. 2001;4:215231. .

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  • 3. Mojumdar, SC. Thermoanalytical and IR-spectral investigation of Mg(II) complexes with heterocyclic ligands. J Therm Anal Calorim. 2001;64:629636. .

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  • 4. Babkov, LM, Baran, J, Davydova, NA, Drozd, D, Pyshkin, OS, Uspenskiy, KE. Influence of the bromo group on the vibrational spectra and macroscopic properties of benzophenone derivatives. J Mol Struct. 2008;887:8791. .

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  • 5. Fernandes, MA, Levendis, DC. Photodimerization of the α′-polymorph of ortho-ethoxy-trans-cinnamic acid in the solid state. Acta Crystllogr B. 2004;B60:315324. .

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  • 6. Theo, H, Wilfried, T, Christoph, L. Photodimerization dynamics in α-cyano-4-hydroxycinnamic and sinapinic acid crystals. Chem Phys Lett. 2007;443:107112. .

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  • 7. Varshney, G, Agrawal, A, Mojumdar, SC. Pyridine based cerium(IV) phosphate hybrid fibrous ion exchanger: Synthesis, characterization and thermal behaviour. J Therm Anal Calorim. 2007;90:731734. .

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  • 8. Ondrusova, D, Jona, E, Simon, P. Thermal properties of N-ethyl-N-phenyldithiocarbamates and their influence on the kinetics of cure. J Therm Anal Calorim. 2002;67:147152. .

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  • 9. Mojumdar, SC, Raki, L. Preparation, thermal, spectral and microscopic studies of calcium silicate hydrate-poly(acrylic acid) nanocomposite materials. J Therm Anal Calorim. 2006;85:99105. .

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  • 10. Madhurambal, G, Ramasamy, P, Anbusrinivasan, P, Mojumdar, SC. Thermal properties, induction period, interfacial energy and nucleation parameters of solution grown benzophenone. J Therm Anal Calorim. 2007;90:673679. .

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  • 11. Mojumdar, SC, Sain, M, Prasad, RC, Sun, L, Venart, JES. Selected thermoanalytical methods and their applications from medicine to construction. J Therm Anal Calorim. 2007;60:653662. .

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  • 12. Mojumdar, SC, Melnik, M, Jona, E. Thermal and spectral properties of Mg(II) and Cu(II) complexes with heterocyclic N-donor ligands. J Anal Appl Pyrolysis. 2000;53:149160. .

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  • 13. Meenakshisundarm, SP, Parthiban, S, Madhurambal, G, Mojumdar, SC. Effect of chelating agent (1,10-phenanthroline) on potassium hydrogen phthalate crystals. J Therm Anal Calorim. 2008;94:2125. .

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  • 14. Madhurambal, G, Mojumdar, SC, Hariharan, S, Ramasamy, P. TG, DTC, FT–IR and Raman spectral analysis of Zna/Mgb ammonium sulfate mixed crystals. J Therm Anal Calorim. 2004;78:125133. .

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  • 15. Iman, A, Vera, B, Li, D, Chengyun, G, Kathleen, K, Volker, E, Gerhard, W, Bruce, M. Polymorphism of cinnamic and α-truxillic acids. Cryst Growth Des. 2005;5:22102217. .

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  • 16. Shinbyoung, A, Harris, KDM, Benson, M, Dimple, MS. Polymorphic phase transformation in the 3-bromo-trans-cinnamic acid system. J Solid State Chem. 2001;10:156161.

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  • 17. Samantha, DM, Matthew, J, Peter, H, Samantha, L. The photodimerisation of the α-and β-forms of trans-cinnamic acid: a study of single crystals by vibrational microspectroscopy. Spectrochim Acta A. 2003;59:629635. .

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  • 18. Paresh, C. Second order polarisability of p-substituted cinnamic acids. Chem Phys Lett. 1996;248:2730. .

  • 19. Manuel, A, Demetrius, C, Levendis, FR, Ludwig, S. A new polymorph of ortho-ethoxy-trans-cinnamic acid: single-to-single crystal phase transformation and mechanism. Acta Crystallogr B. 2004;B60:300314.

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  • 20. Krishnan, S, Justinraj, C, Jeromedas, S. Growth and characterization of novel ferroelectric cinnamic acid single crystals. J Cryst Growth. 2008;310:33133317. .

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  • 21. Monika, K, Renata, S, Wlodzimierz, L. The spectroscopic (FT–IR, FT–Raman and H, C NMR) and theoretical studies of cinnamic acid and alkali metal cinnamates. J Mol Struct. 2007;8:572580.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1969
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
24
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1388-6150 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2926 (Online)

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