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  • 1 College of Materials Science and Technology, Beijing Forestry University, 100083, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
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Abstract

The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of three kinds of flame retardant (FR), boric acid, zinc borate, and borax on the thermal curing behavior of urea–formaldehyde (UF) resin. Both pH value and gel time were measured to study the curing characters of the UF resin with different loading levels of FR. In addition, differential thermal analysis was also used to obtain kinetic analyses parameter. The results showed that boric acid decreased pH value of UF resin, and reduced gel time of the UF resin. There are no significant changes of the UF resin curing characters with different loading levels of FR. The activation energies for curing reaction of UF resins in the presence of boric acid, zinc borate, and borax, were 84.37, 84.41, and 118.4 kJ/mol, respectively, higher than that of the control one (75.38 kJ/mol). All FRs showed adverse effect on the curing behavior of the UF resin.

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