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  • 1 Solid State Physics Department, School of Physics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 541 24, Thessaloniki, Macedonia, Greece
  • | 2 2nd Orthopedic Department, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece
  • | 3 Laboratory of Organic Chemical Technology, Department of Chemistry, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 541 24, Thessaloniki, Macedonia, Greece
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Abstract

Nanocomposites of poly(l-lactic acid) (PLLA) containing 2.5 wt% of fumed silica nanoparticles (SiO2) and organically modified montmorillonite (OMMT) were prepared by solved evaporation method. From SEM micrographs it was observed that both nanoparticles were well dispersed into PLLA matrix. All nanocomposites exhibited higher mechanical properties compared to neat PLLA, except elongation at break, indicating that nanoparticles can act as efficient reinforcing agents. Nanoparticles affect, also, the thermal properties of PLLA and especially the crystallization rate, which in all nanocomposites is faster than that of neat PLLA. From the thermogravimetric curves it can be seen that neat PLLA nanocomposites present a relatively better thermostability than PLLA, and this was also verified from the calculation of activation energy (E). From the variation of E with increasing degree of conversion it was found that PLLA/nanocomposites decomposition takes place with a complex reaction mechanism, with the participation of two different mechanisms. The combination of models, nth order and nth order with autocatalysis (Fn–Cn), for PLLA and PLLA/OMMT as well as the combination of Fn–Fn for PLLA/SiO2 give the better results. For the PLLA/OMMT the values of the E for both mechanisms are higher than neat PLLA. For the PLLA/SiO2 nanocomposite the value of the E is higher than the corresponding value for PLLA, for the first area of mass loss, while the E of the second mechanism has a lower value.

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  • Impact Factor (2019): 2.731
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2019): 0.415
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2019): 87
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Impact Factor (2018): 2.471
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2018): 0.634
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2018): 78
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1969
Volumes
per Year
4
Issues
per Year
24
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
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Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1388-6150 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2926 (Online)

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