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  • 1 Institute of Chemistry, Araraquara-Paulista State University, Av. Prof. Francisco Degni, s/n, 14800-900, Araraquara, São Paulo, Brazil
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Abstract

Cellulose can be obtained from innumerable sources such as cotton, trees, sugar cane bagasse, wood, bacteria, and others. The bacterial cellulose (BC) produced by the Gram-negative acetic-acid bacterium Acetobacter xylinum has several unique properties. This BC is produced as highly hydrated membranes free of lignin and hemicelluloses and has a higher molecular weight and higher crystallinity. Here, the thermal behavior of BC, was compared with those of microcrystalline (MMC) and vegetal cellulose (VC). The kinetic parameters for the thermal decomposition step of the celluloses were determined by the Capela-Ribeiro non-linear isoconversional method. From data for the TG curves in nitrogen atmosphere and at heating rates of 5, 10, and 20 °C/min, the Eα and Bα terms could be determined and consequently the pre-exponential factor Aα as well as the kinetic model g(α). The pyrolysis of celluloses followed kinetic model on average, characteristic for Avrami–Erofeev with only small differences in activation energy. The fractional value of n may be related to diffusion-controlled growth, or may arise from the distributions of sizes or shapes of the reactant particles.

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