Titanium nitride and carbide oxidation have been studied using TG and DSC. Titanium nitride shows a oxidation behavior were both techniques detect a unique phenomenon. Titanium carbide shows a variable behavior depending on the heating rate and sample size. Low masses and heating rates provide similar results to titanium nitride. However, using moderate sample sizes and scanning rates a two-stage oxidation is observed. The first step is extremely fast and exothermic, consuming the oxygen trapped inside the nanoparticle bed. The second is controlled by the diffusion of the oxygen and CO2 through the sample. Thermal safety conclusions are extracted from this observation. Energies of activation calculated using traditional kinetic models are lower than those found in the literature, being an indication of the influence of the specific surface of the material.
Biedunkiewicz, A, Gordon, N, Straszko, J, Tamir, S2007Kinetics of thermal oxidation of titanium carbide and its carbon nano-composites in dry air atmosphere. J Therm Anal Calorim88:717–72210.1007/s10973-006-8222-x.)| false
46. Zhilyaev, VA, Shveikin, GP, Alyamovskii, SI, Lyubimov, VL, Mitrofanov, BV1975Kinetics of the high temperature oxidation of titanium carbonitrides in air. Izv Akad Nauk SSSR Neorg Mater11:230–235.
Zhilyaev, VA, Shveikin, GP, Alyamovskii, SI, Lyubimov, VL, Mitrofanov, BV1975Kinetics of the high temperature oxidation of titanium carbonitrides in air. Izv Akad Nauk SSSR Neorg Mater11:230–235.)| false