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  • 1 Institute of Materials and Environmental Chemistry, Chemical Research Center, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 17, Budapest 1525, Hungary
  • | 2 Department of Applied Biotechnology and Food Science, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Szent Gellért tér 4, Budapest 1111, Hungary
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Abstract

The goal of this study was to clarify the effect of alkaline pretreatments on the thermal decomposition and composition of industrial hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) samples. Thermogravimetric/mass spectrometric measurements (TG/MS) have been performed, on untreated, hot water washed, and alkali-treated hemp samples. The main differences between the thermal decomposition of the samples are interpreted in terms of the different alkali ion contents which have been determined using inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES) method. Principal component analysis (PCA) has been used to find statistical correlations between the data. Correlations have been obtained between the parameters of the thermal decomposition and the alkali ion content as well as the altered chemical structure of the samples. The differences in the thermal behavior of the samples are explained by the different K+ and Na+ contents and the changed structure of the hemicellulose component of the samples due to the pretreatments. The more alkali ions remain in the hemp samples after the alkali treatment, the more ash, char and lower molecular products are formed during thermal decomposition.

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  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Condensed Matter Physics
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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1969
Volumes
per Year
4
Issues
per Year
24
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1388-6150 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2926 (Online)