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  • 1 School of Chemistry, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Bloco E of CT, rooms E-206 e E-211, Cidade Universitária, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, 212949-900, Brazil
  • | 2 Fluminense Federal Institute, Campus Macaé. Rod. Amaral Peixoto, Km. 164, Imboassica, Macaé, RJ, 27925-290, Brazil
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Abstract

Over the past years, the production of biodiesel has significantly increased in Brazil due to its obligatory use in the composition of diesel for vehicle use. As a result, in the most ordinary processes, a hundred thousand tons of glycerol is produced as by-product per 1 billion liters of biodiesel. Glycerol has already been widely studied. Nonetheless, the quantity produced today demands new proposals for uses, such as a fuel. In this aim, the authors studied the kinetics of the thermal processing of glycerol. In this research, thermogravimetry (TG), derivative thermogravimetry (DTG), and differential thermal analysis (DTA) were used to provide the experimental data. Kinetic parameters were calculated by Kissinger method for the global process observed during the heating of the samples from the room temperature up to 600 °C, both in open and in sealed crucibles (with a little hole). Kinetic data were also determined at different isoconversion conditions during heating, by applying Ozawa–Flynn–Wall and Blazejowski methods to TG data. Results show that glycerol heated from 30 to 600 °C, under normal pressure, does not experience simple volatilization. The activation energies calculated at different conversion degrees by these methods show that only volatilization occurs when the mass loss of glycerol is lower than 40% and that for higher conversion degrees, partial thermal decomposition and/or dissociation of glycerol are occurring as well. These facts are also confirmed by the volatilization enthalpies estimated using another method developed by Blazejowski based on Van’t Hoff equation.

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  • Impact Factor (2019): 2.731
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2019): 0.415
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2019): 87
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Impact Factor (2018): 2.471
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2018): 0.634
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2018): 78
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1969
Volumes
per Year
4
Issues
per Year
24
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1388-6150 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2926 (Online)