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  • 1 Helmholtz Zentrum München, Kooperationsgruppe für Analytik komplexer molekularer Systeme/Massenspektrometriezentrum, Deutsches Forschungszentrum für Gesundheit und Umwelt (GmbH), 85764, Neuherberg, Germany
  • 2 Universität Rostock, Institut für Chemie, Lehrstuhl für Analytische Chemie, Massenspektrometriezentrum, 18059, Rostock, Germany
  • 3 Netzsch-Gerätebau GmbH, 95100, Selb, Germany
  • 4 Universität Augsburg, 86167, Augsburg, Germany
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Abstract

A newly developed measurement technique for evolved gas analysis in thermogravimetry, viz. a thermo balance coupled to comprehensive gas chromatography/single photon ionization mass spectrometry (TG–GC × SPIMS), has been applied to investigate the thermal degradation of two polymers (polycarbonate (PC) blended with ABS and PVC). This detection method provides a two-dimensional analysis of the evolved gaseous products. TG relevant data is obtained as well as an improved resolution power to separate isobaric molecular structures without losing any fraction of the samples. In addition, this solution is not associated with any extension of the measurement time. The assignment of the substance pattern to distinct species is improved compared to solely using MS without a preceding separation step. Furthermore, hitherto undetected compounds when compared to applying TG–SPIMS without GC such as benzonitrile and its methylated derivatives have been found in the evolved gases from the thermal degradation of PC/ABS blend. Finally, a first estimation of the limit of detection has been carried out, yielding 400 ppt for styrene and 500 ppt for toluene from the thermal decomposition of PC/ABS blend.

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