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  • 1 Department of General Education Center, Chienkuo Technology University, 1, Chieh-Shou N. Rd., Changhua, Taiwan 50094, ROC
  • | 2 Doctoral Program, Graduate School of Engineering Science and Technology, National Yunlin University of Science and Technology (NYUST), 123, University Rd., Sec. 3, Douliou, Yunlin, Taiwan 64002, ROC
  • | 3 Institute of Safety and Disaster Prevention Technology, Central Taiwan University of Science and Technology, 666, Buzih Rd., Beitun District, Taichung, Taiwan 40601, ROC
  • | 4 Department of Health and Nutrition Biotechnology, Asia University, 500, Lioufeng Rd., Wufeng, Taichung, Taiwan 41354, ROC
  • | 5 MSIG Mingtai Insurance Co., Ltd., 1, Jenai Rd., Sec. 4, Taipei, Taiwan 10685, ROC
  • | 6 Process Safety and Disaster Prevention Laboratory, Department of Safety, Health, and Environmental Engineering, NYUST, 123, University Rd., Sec. 3, Douliou, Yunlin, Taiwan 64002, ROC
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Abstract

The prevention of fire and explosion is recognized as an imperative necessity that is a first priority in all operating management details of the chemical process industries. Based on significant research and original emphasis on loss control and disaster prevention, this study investigated the flammability characteristics, comprising the lower/upper explosion limit (LEL and UEL), maximum explosion overpressure (P max), maximum rate of explosion pressure rise [(dP dt −1)max], gas or vapor deflagration index (K g), and explosion class (St class) of four acetone aqueous solutions [water vapor (steam)/acetone: 75/25, 50/50, 25/75, and 0/100 vol.%], and discussed the effect of inert steam (H2O(g)) on them. Interactive influences of various loading fuel concentrations and initial testing conditions of 150, 200 °C, and 101, 202 kPa on flammability characteristics were revealed via a 20-L-apparatus. Weighting analysis of the above influence factors was explored by employing the GM(h,N) grey system theory for rating their fire and explosion hazard degrees both specifically and quantitatively. The results indicated that the most important influence factor was the initial pressure that the manager or engineer in such a steam/acetone mixing system should consider to be well-controlled first. The second influence factor in GM(1,N) and GM(0,N) model was the initial temperature and steam/acetone mixing concentration, but the third influence factor was individual contrariwise. This study established a complete flammability hazard evaluation approach that is combined with an experimentally and theoretically feasible way for fire/explosion prevention and protection. The outcomes would be useful for positive decisions for safety assessment for the relevant practical plants or processes.

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  • Impact Factor (2019): 2.731
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2019): 0.415
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2019): 87
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Impact Factor (2018): 2.471
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2018): 0.634
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2018): 78
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1969
Volumes
per Year
4
Issues
per Year
24
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1388-6150 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2926 (Online)

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