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  • 1 Graduate School of Engineering Science and Technology, National Yunlin University of Science and Technology (NYUST), 123, University Rd, Sec. 3, Douliou, Yunlin 64002, Taiwan, ROC
  • | 2 Department of Fire Science, WuFeng University, 117, Chian-Kuo Rd, Sec. 2, Min-Hsiung, Chiayi 62153, Taiwan, ROC
  • | 3 Department of Electrical Engineering, Hsiuping Institute of Technology (HIT), 11, Gongye Rd, Dali Dist., Taichung 41280, Taiwan, ROC
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Abstract

Oxygen (O2) or air is widely applied globally to yield cumene hydroperoxide (CHP) in a cumene oxidation tower. In previous studies, CHP has been identified as a thermally hazardous chemical. This study was used to evaluate thermal hazard of CHP in cumene using differential scanning calorimetry and vent sizing package 2 (VSP2). Self-accelerating decomposition temperature (SADT), self-heating rate, exothermic onset temperature (T0), critical temperature (Tc), time to maximum rate (TMR), activation energy (Ea), etc., were employed to prevent and protect thermal runaway reaction and explosion in the manufacturing process and/or storage area. The reaction order (n) of CHP was evaluated to be 0.5 in this study. The Ea was determined to be 122 kJ mol−1 by VSP2. High volume of CHP with 0 rpm of stirring rate by VSP2 was more dangerous than a low one. Control of stirring rate should be a concern in process safety management program. In view of proactive loss prevention, inherently safer handling procedures and storage situations should be maintained in the chemical industries.

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  • Impact Factor (2019): 2.731
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2019): 0.415
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2019): 87
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Impact Factor (2018): 2.471
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2018): 0.634
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2018): 78
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1969
Volumes
per Year
4
Issues
per Year
24
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1388-6150 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2926 (Online)