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  • 1 Centro de Educação e Saúde, Universidade Federal de Campina Grande, Campus Cuité, Olho D′Água da Bica S/N, Cuité, PB, Brazil
  • 2 Centro de Formação de Professores, Universidade Federal de Campina Grande, Campus de Cajazeiras, Cajazeiras, PB, 58900-000, Brazil
  • 3 Laboratório de Combustíveis e Materiais, Universidade Federal da Paraíba, Campus I, João Pessoa, PB, Brazil
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Abstract

Searching for other alternative sources, which are not part of the food chain, and which are able to supply the biofuel market is a promising option. In this context, it has been searched to investigate the oiticica oil, approaching its availability to the biodiesel synthesis, as well as its thermal stability. Few works retreat parameters such as: the optimization of the biodiesel synthesis, its physical–chemical properties, and thermal parameters etc. The characterization results revealed that the oil showed very high kinematic viscosity, and acidity value around 13 mg KOH/g, requiring a pre-treatment. To reduce the acid in the oil, it has been done the esterification of oil, which was studied in different molar ratios oiticica oil/ethanol (1:9) and 2.0% catalyst, in order to get the best reduction the index of acidity. The lowest level of acidity of the oil obtained after the esterification was 4.4 mg KOH/g. The reaction rate for the synthesis of biodiesel, compared to the initial mass of oiticica oil ester was 85%. This income can be overcome by pursuing an even smaller reduction of acid value of biodiesel oiticica. The acid value of biodiesel was 1.8 mg KOH/g. The results have revealed that the oiticica oil and biodiesel are stable at 224 and 179 °C, respectively.

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