View More View Less
  • 1 Departamento de Química, CCEN, LACOM—Laboratório de Combustíveis e Materiais, Universidade Federal da Paraíba, João Pessoa, PB, CEP 58059-900, Brazil
  • | 2 Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia, LACOR—Laboratório de Corrosão e Proteção Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, CEP 20081-312, Brazil
  • | 3 Universidade Federal do Maranhão, São Luiz, MA, Brazil
  • | 4 ANP—Agência Nacional do Petróleo, Gás Natural e Biocombustíveis. Av. Rio Branco, 65/21° Andar, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, 20090-004, Brazil
Restricted access

Abstract

Even not being described in the EN 14112 standard, PDSC has been used for the determination of the biodiesel oxidative stability, by OIT and OT measurements. In this study, biodiesel blends were obtained by mixing soybean (BES) and castor (BEM) ethyl esters and its induction periods were measured by Rancimat and PDSC. The blends (BSMX) showed intermediate values of OSI, OT, and OIT, compared with BES and BEM. Although, the molar fraction of the components varied linearly in BSMX, OSI, OT, and OIT values increased exponentially in relation to the castor biodiesel amount in the blends. Introduction of castor oil biodiesel increased the blend stability, so the BSM30 blend reached the OSI limit of 6 h. OSI, OIT, and OT showed a high-linear correlation, pointing out that PDSC can be used in the analysis of this kind of biodiesel, with a smaller sample and analysis time, as compared to Rancimat. The use of biodiesel blends was a good alternative in the correction of the oxidative stability of the final product without the need of antioxidant addition.

  • 1. Singh, SP, Singh, D. Biodiesel production through the use of different sources and characterization of oils and their esters as the substitute of diesel: a review. Renew Sust Energ. 2010;14:200216. .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 2. Candeia, RA, Silva, MCD, Carvalho Filho, JR, Brasilino, MGA, Bicudo, TC, Santos, IMG, Souza, AG. Influence of soybean biodiesel content on basic properties of biodiesel-diesel blends. Fuel. 2009;88:738743. .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 3. Conceição, MM, Dantas, MB, Rosenhaim, R, VJ Fernandes Jr, Santos, IMG, Souza, AG. Evaluation of the oxidative induction time of the ethilic castor biodiesel. J Therm Anal Calorim. 2009;97:643646. .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 4. Park, JY, Kim, DK, Lee, JP, Park, SC, Kim, YJ, Lee, JS. Blending effects of biodiesels on oxidation stability and low temperature flow properties. Bioresource Technol. 2008;99:11961203. .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 5. Vasconcelos, AFF, Dantas, MB, Filho, MGR, Rosenhaim, R, Cavalcanti, EHS, Antoniosi Filho, NR, Sinfrônio, FSM, Santos, IMG, Souza, AG. Influence of drying processes on oxidative stability of ethyl corn biodiesel by differential scanning calorimetry. J Therm Anal Calorim. 2009;97: 2 657660. .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 6. Castelló, ML, Dweck, J, Aranda, DAG. Thermal stability and water content determination of glycerol by thermogravimetry. J Therm Anal Calorim. 2009;97: 2 627630. .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 7. Knothe, G, Dunn, RO. Dependence of oil stability index of fatty compounds on their structure and concentration in the presence of metals. J Am Oil Chem Soc. 2003;80:10211025. .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 8. EN 14214 Method. European committee for standardization. Automotive fuels fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) for diesel engines requirements and test methods. European committee for standardization press, Brussels, Belgium; 2003.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 9. AOCS Method Cd 12b-92.3. In: Firestone D, editor. Official methods and recommended practices of the American oil chemists’ society. 5th ed. Champaign: AOCS Press; 1999.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 10. Litwinienko, G. Autoxidation of unsaturated fatty acids and their esters. J Therm Anal Calorim. 2001;65:639646. .

  • 11. Moser, BR. Comparative Oxidative Stability of Fatty Acid Alkyl Esters by Accelerated Methods. J Am Oil Chem Soc. 2009;86:699706. .

  • 12. Candeia, RA, Freitas, JCO, Souza, MAF, Conceição, MM, Santos, IMG, Soledade, LEB, et al. Thermal and rheological behavior of diesel and methanol biodiesel blends. J Therm Anal Calorim. 2007;87:653656. .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 13. Dantas, MB, Conceição, MM, VJ Fernandes Jr, Santos, NA, Rosenhaim, R, Marques, ALB, et al. Thermal and kinetic study of corn biodiesel obtained by the methanol and ethanol routes. J Therm Anal Calorim. 2007;87:835839. .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 14. Conceição, MM, VJ Fernandes Jr, Bezerra, AF, Silva, MCD, Santos, IMG, Silva, FC, et al. Dynamic kinetic calculation of castor oil biodiesel. J Therm Anal Calorim. 2007;87:865869. .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 15. Kodali, DR. Oxidative stability measurement of high-stability oils by pressure differential scanning calorimeter (PDSC). J Agr Food Chem. 2005;53:76497653. .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 16. Demirbas, A. Progress and recent trends in biodiesel fuels. Energ Convers Manage. 2009;50:1434. .

  • 17. Knothe, G. Structure indices in FA chemistry. How relevant is the iodine value?. J Am Oil Chem Soc. 2002;79:847854. .

  • 18. Dunn, RO. Oxidative stability of soybean oil fatty acid methyl esters by oil stability index (OSI). J Am Oil Chem Soc. 2005;82:381387. .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

Manuscript Submission: HERE

  • Impact Factor (2019): 2.731
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2019): 0.415
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2019): 87
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Impact Factor (2018): 2.471
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2018): 0.634
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2018): 78
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

For subscription options, please visit the website of Springer.

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1969
Volumes
per Year
4
Issues
per Year
24
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1388-6150 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2926 (Online)

Monthly Content Usage

Abstract Views Full Text Views PDF Downloads
Apr 2021 2 0 0
May 2021 1 0 0
Jun 2021 5 0 0
Jul 2021 1 0 0
Aug 2021 0 0 0
Sep 2021 1 0 0
Oct 2021 0 0 0