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  • 1 Department of Chemistry, Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, 171005, India
  • 2 R&D, Indian Oil Corporation, Faridabad, Haryana, India
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Abstract

Non-isothermal techniques, i.e. thermogravimetry (TG) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), have been applied to investigate the thermal behaviour of carbaryl (1-naphthyl-N-methylcarbamate = 1-Naph-N-Mecbm) and its complexes, M(1-Naph-N-Mecbm)4X2, where M = Cu, X = Cl, NO3 and CH3COO and M = Zn, X = Cl. Carbaryl and Zn(1-Naph-N-Mecbm)4Cl2 complex exhibit two-stage thermal decomposition while the copper(II) complexes exhibit three and four-stage decomposition in their TG curves. The nature of the metal ion has been found to play highly influential role on the nature of thermal decomposition products as well as energy of activation ‘E∗’. The presence of different anions does not seem to alter the thermal decomposition patterns. The complexes display weak to medium intensity exothermic and endothermic DSC curves, while the free ligand exhibits two endothermic peaks. The kinetic and thermodynamic parameters namely, the energy of activation ‘E∗’, the frequency factor ‘A’ and the entropy of activation ‘S∗’ etc. have been rationalized in relation to the bonding aspect of the carbaryl ligand. The nature and chemical composition of the residues of the decomposition steps have been studied by elemental analysis and FTIR data.

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