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  • 1 Polymers and Special Chemicals Division, Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, Thiruvananthapuram 695 022, India
  • | 2 Lithium-Ion and Fuel Cell Division, Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, Thiruvananthapuram 695 022, India
  • | 3 Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram 695 547, India
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Abstract

An epoxy resin capable of exhibiting shape memory property was derived by curing diglycidyl ether of bisphenol A (DGEBA) with a blend of carboxy telechelic poly(tetramethyleneoxide) (PTAC) and pyromellitic dianhydride (PMDA). The cure kinetics of DGEBA/PTAC/PMDA blend of varying compositions was investigated using isothermal rheological analysis. The overall reaction conformed to a second-order autocatalytic model. The kinetic parameters including reaction order, kinetic constants and activation energy were determined. The results showed that increase of PTAC decreased the overall activation energy and frequency factor of the cure reaction. This effect resulted in a diminution of the overall rate of curing. The catalysis by PTAC has its origin from the activation of epoxy groups by the protons of the COOH groups. The autocatalysis was caused by the COOH groups generated by the reaction of alcohol groups with anhydride. The activation energy for the autocatalysis was more than that for the primary reaction as the COOH groups responsible for autocatalysis were generated on a sterically hindered polymer backbone. The kinetics helped generate a master equation conforming to second-order autocatalytic model that could predict the cure profile of a specified resin system at a given temperature, leading to cure optimization.

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  • Impact Factor (2019): 2.731
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2019): 0.415
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2019): 87
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Impact Factor (2018): 2.471
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2018): 0.634
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2018): 78
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1969
Volumes
per Year
4
Issues
per Year
24
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1388-6150 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2926 (Online)