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  • 1 Electroceramic Research Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, College of Nanotechnology, King Mongkut's Institute of Technology Ladkrabang, Bangkok 10520, Thailand
  • 2 ThEP Center, CHE, 328 Si Ayutthaya Rd, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
  • 3 Department of Electronics, Faculty of Engineering, King Mongkut's Institute of Technology Ladkrabang, Bangkok 10520, Thailand
  • 4 King Mongkut's Institute of Technology Ladkrabang, Chumphon Campus, 17/1 M. 6 Pha Thiew District, Chumphon, 86160, Thailand
  • 5 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, King Mongkut's Institute of Technology Ladkrabang, Bangkok 10520, Thailand
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Abstract

The thermal transformation of Na2C2O4 was studied in N2 atmosphere using thermo gravimetric (TG) analysis and differential thermal analysis (DTA). Na2C2O4 and its decomposed product were characterized using a scanning electron microscope (SEM) and the X-ray diffraction technique (XRD). The non-isothermal kinetic of the decomposition was studied by the mean of Ozawa and Kissinger–Akahira–Sunose (KAS) methods. The activation energies (E α) of Na2C2O4 decomposition were found to be consistent. Decreasing E α at increased decomposition temperature indicated the multi-step nature of the process. The possible conversion function estimated through the Liqing–Donghua method was ‘cylindrical symmetry (R2 or F1/2)’ of the phase boundary mechanism. Thermodynamic functions (ΔH*, ΔG* and ΔS*), calculated by the Activated complex theory and kinetic parameters, indicated that the decomposition step is a high energy pathway and revealed a very hard mechanism.

Supplementary Materials

    • Supplementary Material