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  • 1 Sardar Swaran Singh National Institute of Renewable Energy, Wadala Kalan, Kapurthala 144601, Punjab, India
  • 2 Centre for Energy Studies, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, Hauz Khas, New Delhi 110016, India
  • 3 School of Infrastructure Technology & Resource Management, Shri Mata Vaishno Devi University, Katra 182320, Jammu & Kashmir, India
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Abstract

This communication presents the experimental study and performance analysis of a solar air heater with and without phase change material (PCM) viz. paraffin wax and hytherm oil. There are three different arrangements viz. without PCM, with PCM and with hytherm oil to study the comparative performance of this experimental system. Inlet, outlet temperatures and radiation with respect to time have been recorded and found that the output temperature in case with thermal energy storage (TES) is higher than that of without TES, besides, the outlet temperature with paraffin wax is slightly greater than that of with hytherm oil. Also there is no energy gain in the evening in case of without TES but in case of with TES there is a heat gain for around 4 h in the evening which gives the backup for hot air for around four more hours which is the main advantage of this systems with TES. Based on the data, the efficiency of the system has been calculated and it is noted that the efficiency in the case of heat storage is higher than that of without TES, besides the efficiency in the case of the paraffin wax is slightly higher than that of the hytherm oil case.

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