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  • 1 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Ostrava, 30. dubna 22, 701 03, Ostrava, Czech Republic
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Abstract

Resorcinol–formaldehyde aerogels (five samples, three of them with addition of nitrogen containing precursors—3-hydroxypyridine, 3-aminophenol and melamine) have been prepared by sol–gel polycondensation, subcritical drying and pyrolysis. The pyrolysis of prepared organic aerogels has been studied by non-isothermal TG at constant heating rate. The process of pyrolysis has been found to consist of three steps with the total mass loss 40.2–61.7% (room temperature—1,000 °C). The resulted carbon aerogels have been tested as sorbents of Ni(II), Pb(II) and Cu(II) ions from aqueous solutions. Various relations have been found among the results obtained from the pyrolysis experiments and properties affecting adsorption. Besides the expected correlation between the mass loss gained from TG (isothermal step at 500 °C was applied) and from heating in the laboratory oven, the relationship between the mass loss during pyrolysis and sorption capacities for all three metal ions has been found. Other relations among pyrolysis behaviour, surface area and content of nitrogen have been also examined. Batch adsorption experiments show (with an exception of one sample) that N-doped samples have higher adsorption capacity for metal ions. In addition, changing of nitrogen functionalities during the pyrolysis has been considered and pyridinic-N (N-6) functionality has been contemplated as a suitable structure for the adsorption process.

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  • Impact Factor (2019): 2.731
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2019): 0.415
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2019): 87
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Impact Factor (2018): 2.471
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2018): 0.634
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2018): 78
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1969
Volumes
per Year
4
Issues
per Year
24
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1388-6150 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2926 (Online)

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