View More View Less
  • 1 Semi-conductor & Polymer Science Laboratory, Department of Physics, University of Rajasthan, 5–6, Vigyan Bhawan, Jaipur 302055, India
Restricted access

Abstract

Se80−xTe20Znx (x = 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10) glasses have been prepared using conventional melt quenching technique. The kinetics of phase transformations (glass transition and crystallization) have been studied using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) under non-isothermal condition at five different heating rates in these glasses. The activation energy of glass transition (Et), activation energy of crystallization (Ec), Avrami exponent (n), dimensionality of growth (m), and frequency factor (Ko) have been investigated for the better understanding of growth mechanism using different theoretical models. The activation energy is found to be highly dependent on Zn concentration. The rate of crystallization is found to be lowest for Se70Te20Zn10 glassy alloy. The thermal stability of these glasses has been investigated using various stability parameters. The values of these parameters were obtained using characteristic temperatures, such as glass transition temperature Tg, onset crystallization temperature Tc, and peak crystallization temperature Tp. In addition to this, enthalpy-released during crystallization has also been determined. The values of stability parameters show that the thermal stability increases with the increase in Zn concentration in the investigated glassy samples.

  • 1. Kotkata, MF, Mansour, Sh A 2011 Crystallisation process analysis for Se0.95In0.5 and Se0.905In0.10 chalcogenide glasses using the contemporary isoconversional model. J Therm Anal Calorim 103:957965 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 2. Kumar R , Sharma P, Rangra VS. Kinetics studies of bulk Se92Te8−xSnx (x = 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5) semiconducting glasses by DSC technique. J Therm Anal Calorim. 2011.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 3. Sharma, A, Barman, PB 2009 Effect of Bi incorporation on the glass transition kinetics of Se85Te15 glassy alloy. J Therm Anal Calorim 96:413417 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 4. Kumar, H, Mehta, N, Kumar, A 2011 Effect of some chemical modifiers on the glass/crystal transformation in binary Se90In10 alloy. J Therm Anal Calorim 103:903909 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 5. Chiba, R, Funakoshi, N 1988 Crystallization of vacuum deposited Te–Se–Cu alloy film. J Non-Cryst Solids 105:149154 .

  • 6. Suri, N, Bindra, KS, Kumar, P, Thangaraj, R 2007 Calorimetric studies of Se80−xTe20Bix bulk samples. J Non-Cryst Solids 353:12641267 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 7. Vakkalanka, S, Ferekided, CS, Morel, DL 2007 Development of ZnSexTe1 − x p-type contacts for high efficiency tandem structures. Thin Solid Films 515:61326135 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 8. Lyubin, V, Klebanov, M, Arsh, A, Froumin, N, Kolobov, AV 2003 Photoinduced diffusion of Zn in chalcogenide glassy films. J. Non-Cryst. Solids 326–327:189192 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 9. Lyubin, VM, Kolobov, AV 1987 Photoinduced processes in chalcogenide vitreous semiconductor-metal structure. J Non-Cryst Solids 90:489495 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 10. Burke, J 1965 The Kinetics of phase transformation in metals Pergamon Oxford.

  • 11. Dietzel, A 1968 Glass structure and glass properties. Glass Technol Ber 22:41.

  • 12. Sakka, S, Mackenzie, JJD 1971 Relation between apparent glass transition temperature and liquids temperature for inorganic glasses. J Non-Cryst Solids 6:145162 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 13. Saad, M, Poulin, M 1987 Glass forming ability criterion. Mater Sci Forum 19–20:1118 .

  • 14. Lafi, OA, Imran, MMA, Abdullah, MK 2007 Glass transition activation energy, glass-forming ability and thermal stability of Se90In10−xSnx (x = 2, 4, 6 and 8) chalcogenide glasses. Physica B 395:6975 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 15. Pauling, L 1931 The nature of the chemical bond. Application of results obtained from the quantum mechanics and from a theory of paramagnetic susceptibility to the structure of molecules. J Am Chem Soc 53:13671400 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 16. Pauling, l 1960 The nature of chemical bond 3 Cornell University Press Ithaca.

  • 17. Srivastava, S, Mehta, N, Shukla, RK, Kumar, A 2008 Effect of Zn incorporation on the a.c. conductivity of glassy Se70Te30 alloy. Eur Phys J Appl Phys 44 3 217221 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 18. Singh, AK, Singh, K 2009 Crystallization kinetics and thermal stability of Se98−xZn2Inx chalcogenide glasses. Philos Mag 89:14571472 .

  • 19. Maharjan, NB, Bhandari, D, Saxena, NS, Paudyal, DD, Husain, M 2000 Kinetic Studies of Bulk Se85−xTe15Sbx Glasses with x = 0, 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10. Phys Stat Sol (a) 178:663670 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 20. Lasocka, M 1976 The effect of scanning rate on glass transition temperature of splat-cooled Te85Ge15. Mater Sci Eng 23:173177 .

  • 21. Kissinger, HE 1956 Variation of peak temperature with heating rate in differential thermal analysis. J Res Nat Bur Stand 57:217221.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 22. White, K, Crane, RL, Snide, JA 1988 Crystallization kinetics of As–Sb–S glass in bulk and thin film form. J Non-Cryst Solids 103:210220 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 23. March, NH, Street, RA, Toshi, M 1985 Amorphous solids and liquid state Plenum New York 434.

  • 24. Imran, MMA, Bhandari, D, Saxena, N 2000 Glass transition phenomena, crystallization kinetics and thermodynamic properties of ternary Se80Te20−xInx (x = 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10) semiconducting glasses: theoretical and experimental aspects. Mater Sci Eng A 692:5665.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 25. Mahadevan, S, Giridhar, A, Singh, A 1986 Calorimetric measurements on As–Sb–Se glasses. J Non-Cryst Solids 88:1134 .

  • 26. Matusita, K, Konatsu, T, Yokota, RJ 1984 Kinetics of non-isothermal crystallization process and activation energy for crystal growth in amorphous materials. Mater Sci 19:291296 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 27. Kaur, G, Komatsu, T 2001 Crystallization behavior of bulk amorphous Se-Sb-In system. J Mater Sci 36:45314533 .

  • 28. Duhaj, P, Barancok, D, Ondrejka, A 1976 The study of transformation kinetics of the amorphous Pd—Si alloys. J Non-Cryst Solids 21:411428 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 29. Imran, MMA, Saxena, NS, Bhandari, D, Husain, M 2000 Glass transition phenomena, crystallization kinetics and enthalpy released in binary Se100–xInx (x = 2, 4 and 10) semiconducting glasses. Phys Stat Sol (a) 181:357368 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 30. Augis, JA, Bennett, JE 1978 Calculation of the Avrami parameters for heterogeneous solid state reactions using a modification of the Kissinger method. J Therm Anal Calor 13:283292 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 31. Shaaban ER , Tomsah IBI. The effect of Sb content on glass-forming ability, the thermal stability, and crystallization of Ge-Se chalcogenide glass. J Therm Anal Calorim. 2011. doi: .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 32. Patial BS , Thakur N, Tripathi SK. Crystallization study of Sn additive Se-Te chalcogenide alloys. J Therm Anal Calorim. 2011.

  • 33. Shaaban, ER, Kansal, I, Shapaan, M, Ferreira, JMF 2009 Thermal stability and crystallization kinetics of ternary Se–Te–Sb semiconducting glassy alloys. J Therm Anal Calorim 98:347354 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 34. Kotkata, MF, Mansour, Sh A 2011 Study of glass transition kinetics of selenium matrix alloyed with up to 10% indium. J Therm Anal Calorim 103:555556 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 35. Naqvi, SF Deepika Saxena, NS, Bhandari, D 2011 Thermal stability and glass–forming ability of Se80−xTe20Agx (x = 0, 3, 5, 7 and 9) chalcogenide glasses. Phil Mag Lett 91:182189 .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

Manuscript Submission: HERE

  • Impact Factor (2019): 2.731
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2019): 0.415
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2019): 87
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Impact Factor (2018): 2.471
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2018): 0.634
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2018): 78
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

For subscription options, please visit the website of Springer.

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1969
Volumes
per Year
4
Issues
per Year
24
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1388-6150 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2926 (Online)

Monthly Content Usage

Abstract Views Full Text Views PDF Downloads
Jun 2021 0 0 0
Jul 2021 0 0 0
Aug 2021 0 0 0
Sep 2021 0 0 0
Oct 2021 2 0 0
Nov 2021 0 0 0
Dec 2021 0 0 0