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  • 1 Institute of Energy Technology, Technische Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany
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Abstract

Results from the measurement of the heat of reaction of hydrothermal carbonization by power compensated differential scanning calorimetry exhibited a comparably high experimental standard deviation of around 10–20%. The reasons for this standard deviation have been investigated and are being presented in this article. The zeroline deviation and its repeatability showed a decisive influence on the measurements due to the length of the thermal effects (several hours) and the experimental setup (high thermal capacity due to pressure capsules and hydrothermal conditions, type of calorimeter). It was quantified by reference runs and compensated mathematically. In addition, conceptual issues due to the propagation of uncertainty by sum operations are derived. There is an optimum peak length after which the uncertainty rises due to this uncertainty propagation. This optimum is at a signal level within the noise level. However, the contribution of this uncertainty showed little significance compared to the zeroline deviation and thus could be neglected. Results from hydrothermal carbonization of glucose show a mean value of 1060 J/gdaf with a standard deviation of 14% for the presented experimental setup. These values include compensations of systematic errors, including the zeroline deviation, baseline correction, leakage, and transient effects, which are discussed in detail.

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Manuscript Submission: HERE

  • Impact Factor (2019): 2.731
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2019): 0.415
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2019): 87
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Impact Factor (2018): 2.471
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2018): 0.634
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2018): 78
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1969
Volumes
per Year
4
Issues
per Year
24
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1388-6150 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2926 (Online)

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