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  • 1 Department of Chemical Engineering, Yıldız Technical University, 34210, Esenler, İstanbul, Turkey
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Abstract

Pyrolytic characteristics and kinetics of pistachio shell were studied using a thermogravimetric analyzer in 50–800 °C temperature range under nitrogen atmosphere at 2, 10, and 15 °C min−1 heating rates. Pyrolysis process was accomplished at four distinct stages which can mainly be attributed to removal of water, decomposition of hemicellulose, decomposition of cellulose, and decomposition of lignin, respectively. The activation energies, pre-exponential factors, and reaction orders of active pyrolysis stages were calculated by Arrhenius, Coats–Redfern, and Horowitz–Metzger model-fitting methods, while activation energies were additionaly determined by Flynn–Wall–Ozawa model-free method. Average activation energies of the second and third stages calculated from model-fitting methods were in the range of 121–187 and 320–353 kJ mol−1, respectively. The FWO method yielded a compatible result (153 kJ mol−1) for the second stage but a lower result (187 kJ mol−1) for the third stage. The existence of kinetic compensation effect was evident.

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  • Impact Factor (2019): 2.731
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2019): 0.415
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2019): 87
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Impact Factor (2018): 2.471
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2018): 0.634
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2018): 78
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1969
Volumes
per Year
4
Issues
per Year
24
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1388-6150 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2926 (Online)

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