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  • 1 Department of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Instituto Superior Tecnico, Technical University of Lisbon, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1049–001, Lisbon, Portugal
  • | 2 Department of Materials and Life Sciences, Seikei University, Kichijoji-kitamachi, Musashino-shi, Tokyo, 180–8633, Japan
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Abstract

Tricalcium aluminate (Ca3Al2O6, C3A) containing 0–5% of Sn was synthesized by solid-state method, and the products were characterized by XRD technique. Differential thermo-analytical technique (DTA) along with X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were applied to study the hydration behaviour of different C3A samples with and without the presence of gypsum. Results indicate that C3A can accommodate small amount of Sn in its structure and remaining amount forms SnO2. Hydration studies of the synthesized C3A shows that the additions of 0.5 and 1% Sn increase and 2% Sn decrease the reactivity of C3A at the initial period (<3 h) of hydration. Increasing additions of Sn also increase the amounts of amorphous phases and hexagonal calcium aluminate hydrates in the cement pastes. The stabilities of these hydration products also increase with increasing content of Sn in C3A at the experimental conditions. The presence of Sn significantly changes the hydration of C3A and gypsum solid mixture at the initial period of hydration by enhancing the formation of more amounts of AFt and AFm phases. However, at the later stage of hydration (on or after 3 days), the hydration products in C3A and gypsum pastes with and without the presence of Sn are almost similar.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1969
Volumes
per Year
4
Issues
per Year
24
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1388-6150 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2926 (Online)