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  • 1 Technical University of Havana “José Antonio Echeverría”, Calle 114 esq. 127, Marianao 15, Ciudad de la Habana, Cuba
  • | 2 Research Center for Sugar Technologies, ICINAZ, Havana, Cuba
  • | 3 Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
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Abstract

The thermal behavior and oxidative stability of Jatropha curcas oils and their derived fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEE) obtained from two different Cuban regions and varieties are evaluated. A decrease in acid value is found for the FAEE compared to the oils from both natural sources. Primary and secondary oxidation products are significantly different among samples. Thermogravimetry and the derivate thermogravimetry were applied to the oils and FAEE samples using air and nitrogen atmospheres. The main differences between oil and FAEE derived from Jatropha oil are the number of decomposition steps that are lower in FAEE samples. Concerning the onset temperature in the mass loss process, no pattern is observed when oils and the derived FAEE are compared. A comparison among biofuels obtained from the different regions shows that the biofuels obtained from one of both plantations are less thermally stable and they also have more oxidation activity. The obtained results can influence the engine performance and exhaust emissions when these biofuels are used as fuels.

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  • Impact Factor (2019): 2.731
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2019): 0.415
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2019): 87
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Impact Factor (2018): 2.471
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2018): 0.634
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2018): 78
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1969
Volumes
per Year
4
Issues
per Year
24
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1388-6150 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2926 (Online)