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  • 1 Department of Safety, Health, and Environmental Engineering, National Yunlin University of Science and Technology (YunTech), 123, University Rd., Sec. 3, Douliou 64002, Yunlin, Taiwan, ROC
  • | 2 Graduate School of Engineering Science and Technology, YunTech, 123, University Rd., Sec. 3, Douliou 64002, Yunlin, Taiwan, ROC
  • | 3 Department of Occupational Safety and Health, Jen-Teh Junior College of Medicine Nursing and Management, 1, Jen-Teh Rd., Houlong 35664, Miaoli, Taiwan, ROC
  • | 4 Department of Electrical Engineering, Hsiuping University of Science and Technology, 11, Gongye Rd., Dali Dist., Taichung 41280, Taiwan, ROC
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Abstract

In view of availability, accountability, and applicability, LiFePO4 cathode material has been confirmed to be better than LiCoO2 cathode material. Nevertheless, few related researches were conducted for thermal runaway reaction of the LiFePO4 batteries. In this study, vent sizing package 2 (VSP2) and differential scanning calorimetry were employed to observe the thermal hazard of 18650 lithium-ion batteries and their content—LiFePO4 cathode material, which were manufactured by Commercial Battery, Inc. Two states of the batteries were investigated, which was charged to 3.6 V (fully charged) and 4.2 V (overcharged), respectively, and important parameters were obtained, such as self-heating rate (dT dt−1), pressure-rise rate (dP dt−1), and exothermic onset temperature (T0). The results showed that T0 for fully charged is about 199.94 °C and Tmax is about 243.23 °C. The entire battery for LiFePO4 cathode material is more stable than other lithium-ion batteries, and an entire battery is more dangerous than a single cathode material. For process loss prevention, the data of battery of VSP2 test were applied as reference for design of safer devices.

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Manuscript Submission: HERE

  • Impact Factor (2019): 2.731
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2019): 0.415
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2019): 87
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Impact Factor (2018): 2.471
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2018): 0.634
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2018): 78
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1969
Volumes
per Year
4
Issues
per Year
24
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1388-6150 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2926 (Online)

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