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  • 1 Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • | 2 Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • | 3 Laboratory of Bio-Composite Technology, Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • | 4 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Applied Science, Thamar University, Thamar, Yemen
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Abstract

In this study, a composite of thermoplastic polyurethane reinforced with short Kenaf fiber (Hibiscus cannabinus) was prepared via melt-blending method using Haake Polydrive R600 internal mixer. Effect of various sodium hydroxide NaOH concentrations, namely 2, 4 and 6% on tensile, flexural and impact strength was studied. Mean values were determined for each composite according to ASTM standards. Tensile, flexural and impact strength negatively correlates with higher concentrations of NaOH. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) was used to examine the surface of both treated and untreated fibers as well as fracture surface of tensile specimens. Morphology of treated and untreated fibers showed a rougher surface of treated fibers. It also showed that some of high concentrations of NaOH treated fibers have NaOH residues on their surface. This was confirmed by energy dispersive X-ray point shooting performed on the same SEM machine. Morphology of surface of fracture indicated that untreated composite had a better adhesion. Treated and untreated fibers as well as composites were characterized using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). FTIR of treated fibers showed that NaOH treatment resulted in removal of hemicelluloses and lignin. FTIR also showed that untreated composite has more H-bonding than all treated composites. Thermal characteristic studies using thermogravimetry analysis and differential scanning calorimetry showed that untreated composite was more thermally stable than treated composites.

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Manuscript Submission: HERE

  • Impact Factor (2019): 2.731
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2019): 0.415
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2019): 87
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Impact Factor (2018): 2.471
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2018): 0.634
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2018): 78
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1969
Volumes
per Year
4
Issues
per Year
24
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1388-6150 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2926 (Online)

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