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  • 1 School of Chemical Engineering and Energy, Zhengzhou University, 450001, Zhengzhou, China
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Abstract

The thermal decomposition process and non-isothermal decomposition kinetic of glyphosate were studied by the Differential thermal analysis (DTA) and Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The results showed that the thermal decomposition temperature of glyphosate was above 198 °C. And the decomposition process was divided into three stages: The zero stage is the decomposition of impurities, and the mass loss in the first and second stage may be methylene and carbonyl, respectively. The mechanism function and kinetic parameters of non-isothermal decomposition of glyphosate were obtained from the analysis of DTA–TG curves by the methods of Kissinger, Flynn–Wall–Ozawa, Distributed activation energy model, Doyle and Šatava-Šesták, respectively. In the first stage, the kinetic equation of glyphosate decomposition obtained showed that the decomposition reaction is a Valensi equation of which is two-dimensional diffusion, 2D. Its activation energy and pre-exponential factor were obtained to be 201.10 kJ mol−1 and 1.15 × 1019 s−1, respectively. In the second stage, the kinetic equation of glyphosate decomposition obtained showed that the decomposition reaction is a Avrami–Erofeev equation of which is nucleation and growth, and whose reaction order (n) is 4. Its activation energy and pre-exponential factor were obtained to be 251.11 kJ mol−1 and 1.48 × 1021 s−1, respectively. Moreover, the results of thermodynamical analysis showed that enthalpy change of ΔH, entropy change of ΔS and the change of Gibbs free energy of ΔG were, respectively, 196.80 kJ mol−1,107.03 J mol−1 K−1, and 141.77 kJ mol−1 in the first stage of the process of thermal decomposition; and 246.26 kJ mol−1,146.43 J mol−1 K−1, and 160.82 kJ mol−1 in the second stage.

Supplementary Materials

    • Supplementary Material

Manuscript Submission: HERE

  • Impact Factor (2019): 2.731
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2019): 0.415
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2019): 87
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Impact Factor (2018): 2.471
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2018): 0.634
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2018): 78
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1969
Volumes
per Year
4
Issues
per Year
24
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1388-6150 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2926 (Online)