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  • 1 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt
  • 2 Department of Photochemistry, National Research Centre (NRC), Dokki, Giza, Egypt
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Abstract

Pyrazolodithiones of expected biological activity were examined as thermal stabilizers and co-stabilizers for rigid poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) in air at 180 °C. Their high stabilizing efficiency were shown by their high thermal stability values (Ts), which is the time needed for the liberation of HCl gas, if compared with dibasic lead carbonate (DBLC) and calcium–zinc soap (Ca–Zn soap) reference stabilizers used industrially, with better extent of discoloration. Blending these derivatives with reference stabilizers in different ratios greatly lengthens the thermal stability value and improves the extent of discoloration of the PVC. The structure of the novel organic stabilizers was confirmed by elemental analysis, FTIR, Mass spectra, and 1H-NMR. Thermogravimetric analyses confirmed the improved stability of PVC in the presence of the investigated organic stabilizers, compared to blank PVC and PVC stabilized with the reference stabilizers. Also, GPC measurements were done to investigate the changes occurred in the molecular masses of the degraded samples of PVC in presence of the newly synthesized stabilizers. The stabilizing efficiency of pyrazolodithiones is attributed to the replacement of the labile chlorine atoms on the PVC chains by a relatively more stable moiety of the organic stabilizer. The investigated stabilizers showed a good antimicrobial activity toward two kinds of bacteria, Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus; and also toward two kinds of fungi, Aspergillus flavus and Candida albicans. They also exhibited antitumor activity against both liver and colon human cell lines.

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