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  • 1 Faculty of Technology, University of Novi Sad, Bul. Cara Lazara 1, 21000, Novi Sad, Serbia
  • | 2 Institute of Chemical Process Engineering, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Fritz-Haber-Weg 2, 76131, Karlsruhe, Germany
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Abstract

Layered double hydroxides (LDHs) and their thermally derived mixed oxides have reached growing attention in past decades due to their wide application as catalysts or catalyst supports in organic/pharmaceutical synthesis, clean energy and environmental pollution control (decomposition of volatile organic compounds, photodecomposition, DeNox and DeSOx). Desired properties of LDHs can easily be tailored using different synthesis methods and introducing different bivalent and trivalent constituting metals. In this study, Mg–Al and Mg–Al–Fe LDHs were synthesized by low supersaturation (LS) and high supersaturation (HS) coprecipitation methods. The content of trivalent ions was varied in a wide range between 0.15 < x < 0.7 exceeding the optimal range for the single LDH phase synthesis (0.20 < x < 0.33). The intention was to induce the formation of different LDHs and consequently obtain, after thermal treatment, different multiphase mixed oxides. The properties of the precipitates were investigated by structural (XRD), chemical (AAS and EDS) and thermal analysis (TG–DTA). The study revealed that the LS method allows the formation of LDHs with an extended M(III) substitution (x = 0.5). Although, a more disordered structure in the stacking of layers was detected for HS samples, LS samples with the same initial composition showed lower thermal stability estimated by lower temperature of both LDH thermal decomposition transition stages. The thermal stability of LDHs was not influenced considerably with the introduction of a small amount of iron as ternary metal even though lower crystallinity of Mg–Al–Fe LDHs was observed.

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  • Impact Factor (2019): 2.731
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2019): 0.415
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2019): 87
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Impact Factor (2018): 2.471
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2018): 0.634
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2018): 78
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1969
Volumes
per Year
4
Issues
per Year
24
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1388-6150 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2926 (Online)

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