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  • 1 Institute of Mechanics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 4, 1113, Sofia, Bulgaria
  • | 2 European Polytechnical University, Sv. Sv. Kiril i Metodiy Str. 23, 2300, Pernik, Bulgaria
  • | 3 Department “Earth and Environmental Sciences”, New Bulgarian University, 21 Montevideo Str, 1618, Sofia, Bulgaria
  • | 4 Institute of Mineralogy and Crystallography, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 107, 1113, Sofia, Bulgaria
  • | 5 University of Chemical Technology and Metallurgy, 8 Kl. Ohridski Str, 1756, Sofia, Bulgaria
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Abstract

In this study, three types of cementitious composites based on (i) white Portland cement and sand (cement-to-aggregate 1:3, and water-to-cement 0.50), (ii) white Portland cement and marble powder (cement-to-aggregate 1:2, and water-to-cement 0.60), and (iii) white Portland cement and marble powder with polycarboxylate-based admixture (HRWR) (cement-to-aggregate 1:2, and water-to-cement 0.40 + HRWR) were studied. Their states after 28 and 120 days of water curing were evaluated by measurement of physical–mechanical properties, such as density, compressive strength and porosity. Thermal analysis, X-ray diffraction analysis and scanning electron microscopy were used to identify the crystal phases and their morphology. The experimental data show that the white cement mortars with higher water content exhibit larder variety of newly formed phases, like hydration products of the C–S–H type. The structure of mortars with polycarboxylate-based admixture is so dense that there is no possibility of crystal hydrates development at late curing ages. The use of marble as filler leads to a partial inclusion of carbonate ions in the newly formed hydrated phases (carbo-aluminates).

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