Authors:
Alexandre G. S. Prado QuiCSI Team, LMC and LQAA, Institute of Chemistry, University of Brasília, C.P. 4478, Brasilia, DC, 70904-970, Brazil

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Rômulo D. A. Andrade QuiCSI Team, LMC and LQAA, Institute of Chemistry, University of Brasília, C.P. 4478, Brasilia, DC, 70904-970, Brazil
Federal Institute of Technologic Education of Rio Verde, C.P. 66, Rio Verde, GO, 75910-970, Brazil

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Jez W. B. Braga QuiCSI Team, LMC and LQAA, Institute of Chemistry, University of Brasília, C.P. 4478, Brasilia, DC, 70904-970, Brazil

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Paulo A. Z. Suarez QuiCSI Team, LMC and LQAA, Institute of Chemistry, University of Brasília, C.P. 4478, Brasilia, DC, 70904-970, Brazil

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Abstract

Biofuel has been obtained by cracking of soybean (Glycine sp.) oil, which is characterized by acidity index, density, cetane index, copper corrosion, carbon residue, fulgor point, and heat of combustion. In order to evaluate the quality of biofuel as well as detect its adulteration with vegetable oil, partial least squares regression calibration models based on thermogravimetric (TG) analysis were used as a precise and an accurate method. Thirty mixtures of biofuel/diesel/vegetable oil standards were prepared. Twenty of them were used for calibration, and ten for validation. The results have shown that the thermogravimetric analysis, PLS/TG, presented the best performance for the detection of vegetable oil contamination with a root mean square error of prediction (RMSEC% w/w) of 0.23, with a relative error of prediction of 3.6%, corroborating with the success of TG analysis application to determine the quality of biofuels and diesel/biofuel blends, showing that the TG analysis is an excellent tool to control quality of biofuels.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1969
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
24
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1388-6150 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2926 (Online)

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