The stepwise thermal decomposition of [Ni(py)4]Cl2 was studied by means of a derivatograph. The stepwise mode of thermal decomposition allowed the preparation of new complexes. X-ray powder diffraction and IR methods were used to study the structures of the decomposition intermediates. [Ni(py)4]Cl2 was applied as a model substance. The decompositions of a great number of complex compounds of similar type have been reported, but only a few of them have been investigated structurally by single-crystal X-ray diffraction techniques due to the difficulty of obtaining large single-crystals.