View More View Less
  • 1 Institute of Basic Chemistry, Department of Chemistry Warsaw Technical University Warsaw Poland
Restricted access

The gaseous products of the thermal decomposition of formates have been investigated and compared with the products of formaldehyde and synthesis gas transformation under analogous conditions in the presence of the solids formed in the thermal decomposition of particular formates. It was found that formaldehyde transformation leads to organic compounds identical to those obtained in the thermal decomposition of the respective formates, while synthesis gas does not react under such conditions. This fact substantiates the hypothesis that formaldehyde is a precursor of the organic compounds identified in the thermal decomposition of formates. The nature of the organic componds obtained in the thermal decomposition of formates indicates that the formaldehyde formed in the initial stages is then transformed in the Cannizzaro or Tishchenko reactions.