The percentage of thermal dehydration and decomposition of ordinary and deuterated hydrates of barium acetate (tri- and monohydrates) were studied with a derivatograph and by DSC method. The observed phase transitions were identified and their corresponding enthalpy changes determined. The latter were compared with those estimated on thermodynamic data. The conclusions made on the dehydration process in correlation with IR spectra were used as information about the structure of the dehydrated water in the compounds investigated. The end product was also identified as barium carbonate.