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  • 1 Process Engineering Division Joint Research Centre of the Commission of the European Communities 21020 Ispra VA Italy
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A simple esterification reaction is used to demonstrate standard procedures for determining the thermokinetic parameters of an exothermic reaction from adiabatic calorimetric data. The influence of variations in the heat capacity of the sample due to changes in temperature and concentration is explored. Shortcomings in the simple interpretation of adiabatic data are identified and isothermal heatflow calorimetry is used to reveal autocatalytic effects which were not apparent from the adiabatic experiments. A more rigourous interpretation of the adiabatic and isothermal data is outlined and used to predict the conditions which can lead to exothermic runaway in a batch reactor. Mathematical simulation of the conditions in a jacketed reactor is used to demonstrate the importance of developing reliable kinetic expressions before assessing the safety of a batch process.