Fuzzy inference approach was applied to select the control input for the precision water bath of the heat exchange calorimeter used at a non-air-conditioned laboratory. The thermal fluctuation of the bath water was necessary to be kept within a narrow range. The cooling water or coolant kept at a temperature lower than the set temperature was circulated in the bath. The deviation corresponding to the difference between the set temperature and the observed temperature was observed as the input signal. The output or control input to be given to the heather element in the water bath was calculated by the fuzzy modus. The output function was simplified by means of circulating the cooling water. The contribution of each membership function was changed according to the thermal progress of the observed temperature of the water. The whole system including the control programs was examined by a practical water bath, and fairly good results were obtained. Reasonable recoveries were also shown for external thermal disturbances given to the controlled system.