Author: A. Galwey 1
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  • 1 The Queen’s University of Belfast School of Chemistry BT9 5AG Belfast Northern Ireland
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Abstract  

Selected kinetic and mechanistic studies of thermal reactions of initially solid substances are reviewed with emphasis on the evidence that some of these chemical changes proceed with the essential participation of melting. The reactions considered are classified on the extent and the role of such melting and the various types of behaviour observed are discussed with reference to solid state rate processes in crystals. It is stressed that melting is an important feature in theoretical considerations of crystal reactivity because chemical changes often proceed more rapidly in a melt than in the solid state. However, literature reports concerned with reactions of solids do not always explicitly mention the possibility of melting during discussions of reactions mechanisms. The present paper comments on methods capable of detecting liquefaction during reaction, a feature of behaviour that is not always easily identified experimentally. Also considered here is the recognition of reaction intermediates, which provide important evidence concerning the course of the chemical changes through which the reactant is transformed into product. This short review draws attention to the considerable value of chemical evidence in elucidating mechanisms of reactions of solids including the necessity for identifying intermediates and the role of any melt or liquid participating.

Manuscript Submission: HERE

  • Impact Factor (2019): 2.731
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2019): 0.415
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2019): 87
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Impact Factor (2018): 2.471
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2018): 0.634
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2018): 78
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1969
Volumes
per Year
4
Issues
per Year
24
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1388-6150 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2926 (Online)