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  • 1 Centro de Tecnología de Recursos Minerales y Cerámica (CETMIC), Comisión de Investigaciones Científicas de la Provincia de Buenos Aires (CIC) C.C., 49, (1897) M.B, Gonnet, Argentina
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Abstract  

The effects of temperature (373–1373 K) on the point of zero charge (PZC) and isoelectric point (IEP) of a red soil rich in kaolinite and iron minerals were studied. PZC values of the soil treated at 373 and 573 K indicated the presence of iron oxide. The soil calcined between 773 and 1173 K shows a PZC almost coincident with the respective values of kaolinite. At 1373 K, the PZC of the soil is nearer to the value of iron oxide. In the entire temperature range studied the PZC values were lower than the IEP values. An approach of PZC and IEP values was observed after a partial removal of iron oxide by the dithionite-citrate-bicarbonate (DCB) method. The analyses of the PZC and IEP values, of electron probe micro analysis (EPMA) data and of specific surface areas evidence a specific adsorption of iron oxide on kaolinite. Finally, the dissolution sequence of iron and aluminium contained in soil was determined using hydrochloric acid.