Authors:
F. Tsvetkov Institute of Soils and Water, Volcani Center, ARO, P.O.B. 6, 50 250 Bet Dagan, Israel

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U. Mingelgrin Institute of Soils and Water, Volcani Center, ARO, P.O.B. 6, 50 250 Bet Dagan, Israel

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M. Gal Institute of Soils and Water, Volcani Center, ARO, P.O.B. 6, 50 250 Bet Dagan, Israel

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Abstract  

HPLC columns were packed with quasi-spherical montmorillonite particles which were prepared by spray-drying and then thermally treated. Separations of phenylureas (linuron, neburon, diuron and monuron), phosphothioate phenyl esters (parathion, methyl parathion and paraoxon) and other smaller substituted benzenes were performed on the columns. The relative retention of the substituted phenyl pesticides demonstrated the important role polar substituents play in the eluate-surface interactions and the strong influence of steric factors on these interactions. The retention of the pesticides decreased sharply as the polarity of the mobile phase increased. The retention of the smaller substituted benzenes showed a similar trend, but for these smaller molecules this trend was partially counteracted by the increased accessibility of interlayer spaces due to swelling as the polarity of the liquid phase increased. The role of the exchangeable cation (Na+, Co2+ and Cu2+) in the adsorption was found to be complex. The cations determine both the strength of interaction, which increases with the valence of the cation, and the accessibility of the interlayer adsorption sites which decreased with the valence.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1969
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
24
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1388-6150 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2926 (Online)

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