The hydration of two calcium hydroxide-silica fume mixtures was studied at 25°C. The mixtures were prepared at lime/silica molar ratios of 1.0 and 1.7. The free lime, free silica and chemically combined water contents were determined after various periods of hydration (0.5 h-90 days). Thus, the molar ratios CaO/SiO2 and H2O/SiO2 molar in the calcium silicate hydrates (C-S-H) formed could be derived. The hydrates formed were identified by using differential thermal analysis. The mechanism of the hydration-gardening thermal analysis. The mechanism of the hydration-hardening reaction between lime and silica fumes was suggested. The changes in the molar ratios CaO/SiO2 and H2O/SiO2 in the C-S-H formed with the time of hydration were found to follow the same trends as observed during the hydration course for the suggested mechanism.