View More View Less
  • 1 Department of Chemistry The University of Leicester University Road LE1 7RH Leicester England
  • 2 Department of Chemistry Sri Krishnadevaraya University 515003 Anantapur India
Restricted access

In a titration calorimetric study an aqueous solution held in a syringe and containing hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB; 15.4×10−3 mol dm−3) is injected in aliquots (5×l0−3 dm3) into a sample cell containing initially water. Analysis of the data shows that thecmc equals 0.97×l0−3 dm−3 and the enthalpy of micelle formation equals −10.3 kJ mol−1. When the solution in the syringe is replaced by a mixed surfactant solution, CTAB+dodecyltrimethylammonium bromide, at the same total concentration of surfactant, thecmc of CTAB decreases gradually with increasing mole fraction of DOTAB but the enthalpy of CTAB micelle formation is hardly affected. We conclude, therefore, that incorporation of DOTAB monomers into the CTAB micelles stabilizes entropically the CTAB micelles.