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  • 1 Chemistry Department Banaras Hindu University Varanasi-221 005, U.P. India
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The phase diagrams of binary organic systems of benzidine with pyrogallol andp-nitrophenol give a double simple eutectic type phase diagram showing formation of a 1∶1 molecular complex with congruent melting point and two eutectics. The growth data on the pure components, the eutectics and the molecular complexes, determined by measuring the rate of movement of growth front in a capillary, justify the square relationship between growth velocity and undercooling. While enthalpy of mixing values suggest intermolecular hydrogen bonding, the excess thermodynamic functions reveal strong interactions among the components forming eutectics and addition compounds.