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  • 1 Istituto Chimico, Facoltá di Ingegneria Universitá di Catania, Viale A. Doria, 8, 95125 Catania, Italy
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Abstract  

The polycondensation reactions between 4,4′-[sulphonyl bis(p-benzoyl)(p-phenyleneoxy)]dibenzoic acid (I) andp-phenylenediamine (II), 1,5-diaminonaphthalene (III), 4,4′-sulphonyldianiline (IV), 4,4′-diaminodiphenylsulphide (V) 4,4′-methylenedianiline (VI) and 4,4′-oxydianiline (VII) to form aromatic polyamides containing sulphone, ether and ketone linkages were attempted by a solid-solid interaction route. A stoichiometric 1∶1 molar ratio of solid reactants was dynamically heated directly in a TG/DSC apparatus, and simultaneous TG/FT-IR was performed to interpret the mechanism of reaction. The results suggest that the polycondensation is dependent on the diamine used. The formation of polyamide was successful when I interacted with II, III, VI and VII. The interaction with IV and V was in part successful because partial decarboxylation of the diacid, made unstable by the diamine, occurred before the condensation reaction.