Hebrew University-Hadassah Medical School Department of Biochemistry P.O. Box 12272 91120 Jerusalem Israel
Utrecht University for Pharmaceutical Sciences (UIPS) participant in the research school Groningen — Utrecht Institute for Drug Exploration (GUIDE), Faculty of Pharmacy, Utrecht University Department of Pharmaceutics Utrecht The Netherlands
This study was aimed to investigate the physicochemical changes induced in 200 nm extruded oligolamellar DPPC:DPPG (10:1)
liposomes by freezing, followed by γ-irradiation, in the absence and presence of 5 mM stable cyclic nitroxide radicals, 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl
(Tempo) and 4-hydroxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl (Tempol). The characterization is based on the use of differential
scanning calorimetry (DSC) and was aimed to differentiate the contribution of freezing and γ-irradiation in the presence and
absence of nitroxides. Liposomal preparations of DPPC/DPPG which have sub-, pre- and main-phase transitions in the temperature
range (0�C<Tm<50�C) were used.
Our results show that: (1) freezing modified and induced fusion to MLV as well as fission to SUV, (2) freezing did not fully
prevent the radiation-induced changes in the thermotropic characteristics of the liposomes, and (3) Tempo and Tempol did not
prevent the changes in thermotropic behavior caused as a result of freezing of the liposomal dispersion. These results demonstrate
that DSC is a powerful and sensitive tool in both physical and chemical studies of lipid assemblies.